Update: Six Students Arrested During Protest on Highway 17


Updated: 3/5, 12:20 a.m.

By Alexa Lomberg, Montse Reyes and Lauren Romero

Six UC Santa Cruz students were arrested on one felony charge — conspiracy to execute a crime — and three misdemeanors — creating a public nuisance, failure to obey lawful order and failure to obey executive order from a police officer — for blocking traffic on Highway 17 on Tuesday starting around 9:20 a.m. Upon arriving at the Santa Cruz County Jail, all six students received a letter informing them of their two-week suspension from UCSC. As of Wednesday afternoon, four of the students remain in jail.

The demonstration was a part of “96 Hours of Action,” which protests against tuition increases, privatization of education, state investment into construction of prisons and the intersection of tuition increases and police brutality as “racialized class warfare.”

Student organizer Barucha Peller said organizers and the students who were arrested have been talking to numerous lawyers about the legality of the university’s interim suspension. The UCSC Campus Code of Student Conduct states, “Conviction of any federal, state, or local law or ordinance may also subject a student to campus discipline,” but Peller said an interim suspension, as the letter stated, is not justified to be two weeks long.

She said the letter, signed by Student Conduct Officer Clifford Golz, said the arrested students pose a health and safety risk to other students. Golz could not be reached for comment.

“The protest did not originate on campus, it did not end on campus,” Peller said. “The only basis for which the university is using for this suspension is that they are students. All of this is, according to the lawyers and previous precedents, is that this is all not within what should be the parameters of possibility of what the university can do.”

The six students were dropped off in the morning and assembled sitting in a line with garbage cans in between them. The cans, called “lock boxes,” were filled with cement and connected through holes in the bottom that had steel pipes fed through. The students were locked in with their arms in the tubes with chains and a carabiner. Each can weighed about 700 pounds.

“If a barrel is knocked over, their arms could fall off,” a student protester said.

The cement inside the garbage cans had mesh and rebar, which is reinforcing steel. Police say this shows the extent to which the protest was planned, and justifies the conspiracy charge.

“These students are obviously going to be arrested, and they put their bodies at risk because the whole student body is at risk and it’s worth it for them to put their bodies on the line,” Peller said before the police began attempts to break apart the lock boxes and arrest the students.

About 30 students marched from the base of campus to Ocean Street and proceeded to block the entrance to the highway chanting, “Money for books and education, not for cops and incarceration” through a megaphone, to show solidarity with the six students. A few demonstrators decided to walk to the six students but were stopped by police who told them they were trespassing and were subject to arrest if they stayed.

The students who were turned away from the highway returned to the entrance where they voted to walk to the Santa Cruz County Jail in anticipation of the protesters’ arrival.

Around noon, the “disentanglement” team began to use a K12 circular saw, a jackhammer, a hammer and a 6-foot pry bar to cut the PVC pipe holding together the protesters and the cement-filled garbage cans. A California Highway Patrol helicopter landed to bring in officers and equipment.

California Highway Patrol officer Sam Courtney said that officers tried to work with the students to voluntarily get them to move, but the protesters remained “stoic and non-responsive.” He said the police were “moving slowly and cautiously” to figure out the best way to move the students.

Over an hour later, the police sawed the first student out of the chain and arrested him immediately. By 2 p.m., all six student protesters were arrested and taken to the Santa Cruz County Jail.

About 20 protesters were waiting at the jail to support the arrested students. While the protesters initially planned to block off entrances to the jail, police vans were able to get through to the parking lots and into the jail garage. They were met by protesters who were chanting and singing, “Solidarity forever, for the union makes us strong.”

Protesters alternated blocking the northbound and southbound lanes of Water Street, holding banners that read “Fight the Hikes” and “Education Not Incarceration.” Protesters faced a barrage of honks as multiple drivers were visibly upset. Some interactions became hostile as drivers got out of their cars to confront the students. One altercation resulted in shoving between a student and a driver.

As of Wednesday at 11:20 p.m., almost 3,500 people had signed a Change.org petition to expel the students who participated in the blocking of Highway 17. The letter read: “Many of the Santa Cruz community members missed medical appointments, lost wages, and were not able to get to their children due to the unlawful blocking of Highway 17. Ultimately, the action of the UCSC students put the entire Santa Cruz community in danger.”

Although UCSC administration is aware of the petition, UCSC News and Media Relations Director Scott Hernandez-Jason said the university’s disciplinary actions will be separate from the petitioner’s recommendations.

“Obviously the criminal charges are the most serious that they can be facing, and parallel to that there could be a judicial affairs process, which is its own track and the punishments range from a letter of warning all the way up to expulsion,” Hernandez-Jason said.

The “96 Hours of Action” also has a planned strike intended to shut down campus on Thursday.

“This might have inconvenienced some people today, but our future is inconvenienced,” said Peller, a student organizer. “Education is becoming less and less accessible, as more people are incarcerated and more police are on the street.”

Katya Birken, who is currently on a leave of absence but will return to UCSC next quarter, voiced concern over the way students decided to demonstrate. She said the university should discipline the students arrested on a “case by case” basis, the extent of their punishment depending on their remorse and understanding of the disruption they caused.

“They alienated a large body of people who they wanted as allies,” Birken said. “It’s a big deal. I support this protest, I don’t want to have to come back to school and not be able to afford to take my last few classes either. Nobody wants that. But I also sure as hell want to make sure when I’m in an emergency and need to get to my doctor, that I can get to my doctor without incident.”

Bail for the arrested students is set at $5,000.


  1. ACLU gives legal guidelines that would help a cause protest for the full effect. NOTE: It does NOT include blocking traffic, access, and limiting the freedoms of others.


    Your Right to Protest

    You have a constitutionally protected right to engage in peaceful protest in “traditional public forums” such as streets, sidewalks or parks. But in some cases the government can impose restrictions on this kind of activity by requiring permits. This is constitutional as long as the permit requirements are reasonable, and treat all groups the same no matter what the focus of the rally or protest.

    The government cannot impose permit restrictions or deny a permit simply because it does not like the message of a certain speaker or group.

    Generally, you have the right to distribute literature, hold signs, collect petition signatures, and engage in other similar activities while on public sidewalks or in front of government buildings as long as you are not disrupting other people, forcing passerby to accept leaflets or causing traffic problems.

    Limitations on Speech
    The First Amendment does not protect speech that is combined with the violation of established laws such as trespassing, disobeying or interfering with a lawful order by a police officer. Also unprotected are malicious statements about public officials and obscene speech.

    Although an inflammatory speaker cannot be punished for merely arousing an audience, a speaker can be arrested for incitement if he/she advocates imminent violence or specifically provokes people to commit unlawful actions.

    Limitations on Action
    Demonstrators who engage in civil disobedience – defined as non-violent unlawful action as a form of protest – are not protected under the First Amendment. People who engage in civil disobedience should be prepared to be arrested or fined as part of their protest activity.

    If you endanger others while protesting, you can be arrested. A protest that blocks vehicular or pedestrian traffic is illegal without a permit.

    You do not have the right to block a building entrance or physically harass people. The general rule is that free speech activity cannot take place on private property, including shopping malls, without consent of the property owner. You do not have the right to remain on private property after being told to leave by the owner.

  2. How long will this stay up?

    I believe very few question the one main issue of the protest: Increased tuition. I will not add the other issues of racism, police brutality, FTP, Palestine, sexism, divestment, etc. that were tacked on to give more legitimacy and perhaps garner a wider audience. The audience to bring your protest to was NOT the Santa Cruz community. It is to the Regents in Oakland and to the Governor in Sacramento. Most of you are guests of our community for four to five years. Don’t S*** where you eat.

    I suppose these writers are OK with some of the effects of the 17/6 protesters that we know of at this point. Information is from reliable sources. Maybe we’ll be seeing these stories in our local media soon. I’ll keep you updated.

    Here’s a radio segment that speaks of a few of the following incidents that happened during this “inconvenience”:


    A Hospice patient now lies in a coma near death because her Rx from Horsnyder’s didn’t get to her in time.

    One person lost their job.

    Several people had to skip chemotherapy.

    Two had a very long and delayed trip to ER

    One person’s cat died in her car trying to get to the vets.

    One concrete provider lost $10,000-$16,000 of material by the time he arrived at a job site.

    One unverified death by heart attack and one unverified childbirth while in the “inconvenience” of stalled traffic.

    The “protesters” screamed at children…

    We’ll know more in the coming days.

    The 17/6 students were arraigned with the felony charge dropped with them pleading not guilty. These seem to be dilettante “protesters” who weren’t coached that to stand up for your cause includes being jailed, fined to further promote it. Even Don Lane, current mayor of Santa Cruz, states that the 17/6 should be prosecuted, jailed, and fined to fullest extent of the law—-because that is the purpose of said demonstrating. Maybe the Professional Agitators from outside Santa Cruz and perhaps including a few UCSC Professors should have schooled them in such. Otherwise, they were used as pawns for someone else’s agenda.

    Here’s the petition to expel these students.

    Write emails to Dean of Students, Chancellor Blumenthal:



    ctgolz@ucsc.edu, alma@ucsc.edu

  3. the students involved did not commit the alleged activity on campus property. there have been no court hearings of evidence presented with resulting verdicts against them. therefore, i think the two week suspension is abusive and runs counter to the process where “presumed innocence” is primary in those matters of law. if anything it seems reasonable to challenge the latter as an option separately.. also the so-called code of conduct is discriminatory because it only applies to a particular group of people reaching their majority status vs. everyone else in the community.. it’s also redundant in most matters, except for those related to on campus conduct ….